Influence of indirect reinforcements on the flexural strength of a thermally activated acrylic resin used for complete dentures

Jean Soares Miranda, Caroline Cotes Marinho, Vanessa Cruz Macedo, Aline Serrado de Pinho Barcellos, Thaís Cachuté Paradella, Tarcísio José Arruda Paes Jr, Estevão Tomomitsu Kimpara

Abstract


Objetive: This research aimed to verify the performance of thermally activated acrylic resin (TAAR) combined with a mix of glass and aramid fibers and/or composite resin of indirect use by a tree point bending test. Material and Methods: Ten samples, with 65 x 10 x 2.5 mm, were prepared for each group (n = 10): CO, control of only TAAR; CR, in which an 60 mm indirect composite resin was polymerized together with the acrylic resin during the thermo-polymerization cycle; SS, in which ceramic glass mixed with aramid fibers cut 60 mm in length were incorporated into the samples; and SC, in which the same fibers were incorporated with addiction of the indirect composite resin. A three-point flexural strength test was performed with a universal testing machine with a load of 50KgF at a speed of 5 mm/min in the center of the samples supported by a suitable device. The reinforced face was placed to the tensile side. The statistical one-way ANOVA and Tukey tests were made with a significance level of 95%. Results: The mean value for the CO was 60,27 ± 24,18 MPa, for CR it was 38,39±12,75 MPa, for SS it was 79,97±12,75 Mpa and for CS it was 32,40±9,05 MPa. Conclusion: The use of glass and aramid fibers at the base of a TAAR increased the three-point flexural strength, however when indirect composite resin was incorporated, a significant drop of this mechanical property was observed.

 

Keywords

Acrylic resin; Complete denture; Composite resin.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14295/bds.2018.v21i2.1539