Prevalence and etiological factors of Piogenic Granuloma in gestants

Ana de Lourdes Sá De lira, Nayra Rafaelle Fernandes da Silva, Vinícius da Silva Caetano, Ayrton Galvão de Araújo Junior, Italo José Zacarias Portela

Abstract


Introduction: Neglect with oral health and hygiene will be reflected in the accumulation of biofilm and possible formation of supra and / or subgingival calculus, one of the etiological factors of Piogenic granuloma (PG). Objective: To investigate the prevalence and etiological factors of pyogenic granuloma in pregnant women. Method: The study was carried out on 102 pregnant women attending prenatal care in Family Health Strategies. The oral examination of the gingival tissue of the maxilla and the mandible was performed to evaluate the presence of PG, according to Neville et al classification, gingival bleeding, poorly adapted restorations, supra gingival calculus and residual roots. The chi-square test (χ2) was used to investigate the degree of association between variables. Results: Prevalence of PG was 1.96% (n = 2) in the third semester of pregnancy. No pregnant woman had received information about the condition during prenatal care. Regarding the quality of bucaL hygiene, in 63 pregnant women it was considered unsatisfactory, with plaque visible and supragingival tartar in both arches and satisfactory in 39, with supragingival tartar in the lingual of the antero-inferiors and in the vestibular face of the upper molars associated to plaque visible on all teeth. The chi-square test demonstrated a greater need for scaling and corono-root straightening and removal of residual roots when associated with the pregnancy condition. Conclusions: The prevalence of pyogenic granuloma was 1.9% during the third trimester of gestation. As an etiological factor, the presence of too much dental calculus and visible plaque in both arches was found in 61.7% of the pregnant women.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14295/bds.2019.v22i4.1760