The Effect of Mouthrinses on Surface Roughness of Two Nanohybrid Resin Composites

Authors

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of four different mouthrinses on the surface roughness of two nanohybrid resin composites. Material and Methods: Fifty samples were prepared for each of the resin composites (2x8 mm) and a profilometer was used to determine the initial surface roughness (Ra) of each sample. Then, they were divided into 5 subgroups (n= 10), and exposed to the following mouthrinses (12h, 37 ºC): containing alcohol and essential oils; alcohol and chlorhexidine; alcohol-free and essential oils; alcohol free and cetil prydinium chlorite; or distilled water (control). The surface roughness of each sample was measured again. Statistical analyses of the data were performed via two-way ANOVA and Bonferroni tests. Results: Overall, statistically significant differences were not found between the resin composites (p> 0.05), but significant differences were found among the mouthrinses (p< 0.05). Interactions between the mouthrinses and the resin composites was statistically significant (p< 0.05). Both of the resin composites had the highest surface roughness after exposure to mouthrinse with alcohol and essential oils (p< 0.05), followed by mouthrinse with alcohol and chlorhexidine. Both alcohol-free mouthrinses caused surface roughness either similar to distilled water (p> 0.05) or lower than distilled water (p< 0.05) on the nanohybrid resin composites used. Conclusion: The mouthrinses affected the surface roughness of the resin composites in different ways. This was dependent on mouthrinse contents and the chemical structure of the resin composites. Alcohol-containing mouthrinses caused the most changes in the surface roughness of both resin composites.

Keywords

Alcohol; Chlorhexidine; Composite resin; Essential oil; Roughness.

Author Biographies

Emre Yilmaz, Ankara University Faculty of Dentistry Department of Restorative Dentistry

 Ankara University Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Ankara, Turkey.

Arzu Mujdeci, Ankara University Faculty of Dentistry Department of Restorative Dentistry

Ankara University Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Ankara, Turkey.

References

Yanikoglu N, Duymus Z, Yilmaz B. Effects of different solutions on the hardness of composite resin materials. Dent Mater J. 2009; 28(3): 344-51

Kakaboura A, Fragouli M, Rahiotis C, Silikas N. Evaluation of surface characteristics of dental composite using profilometry, scanning electron, atomic force microscopy and gloss-meter. J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2007; 18(1): 155-63.

Bayne SC. Beginnings of the dental composite revolution. J Am Dent Assoc. 2013; 144: 880–4.

Demirci M, Tuncer S, Oztas E, Tekce N, Uysal O. A 4‐year clinical evaluation of direct composite build‐ups for space closure after orthodontic treatment. Clin Oral Investig. 2015; 19: 2187‐99.

Colucci V, Dos Santos CD, Amaral FL, Corona SA. Influence of NaHCO3 powder on translucency of microfilled composite resin immersed in different mouthrinses. J Esthet Restor Dent 2009; 21(4): 242-8.

Moran JM. Home-use oral hygiene products: Mouthrinses. Periodontol. 2000 2008; 48: 42-53.

Farah CS, McIntosh L, McCullough MJ. Mouthwashes. Aust Prescr. 2009; 32: 162-4.

Ouhayoun JP. Penetrating the plaque biofilm: impact of essential oil mouthwash. J Clin Periodontol. 2003; 30(5): 10-2.

Silva EM, De Sá Rodrıgues Cu, Dias DA, Da Silva S, Amaral CM, Guimarães JG.. Effect of toothbrushing-mouthrinse-cycling on surface roughness and topography of nanofilled, microfilled, and microhybrid resin composites. Oper Dent. 2014; 39(5): 521-29.

Festuccia MSSC , Garcia LFR , Cruvinel DR , Pires-De-Souza FCP. Color stability, surface roughness and microhardness of composites submitted to mouthrinsing action. J Appl Oral Sci. 2012; 20(2): 200–5.

Trauth KG, Godoi AP, Colucci V, Corona SA, Catirse AB. The influence of mouthrinses and simulated toothbrushing on the surface roughness of a nanofilled composite resin. Braz Oral Res. 2012; 26(3): 209-14.

Urbano CD, Abrahão ALS, Lancellotti AC, De Menezesoliveira MAH, Calabrez S, De Souza Gonçalves L. Effect of mouthrinses on the surface roughness of nanofilled composite. Braz Dent Sci. 2014; 17(3): 92-7.

Yofindra BM, Damiyanti M, Herda E. Effects of immersion in mouthwash for different durations and with different ethanol concentrations on the surface roughness of nanohybrid composite resin. IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series. 2018;1073,032002. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1073/3/032002

Armas-Vega A, Casanova-Obando P, Taboada-Alvear MF, Aldas-Ramirez JE, Montero-Oleas N, Viteri-Garcia A. Effect of mouthwashes on the integrity of composite resin and resin modified glass ionomer: In vitro study. J Clin Exp Dent. 2019; 11(2): 79-84.

Gurgan S, Yalcin Cakir F. The effect of three different mouthrinses on the surface hardness, gloss and colour change of bleached nano composite resins. Eur J Prosthodont Restor Dent. 2008; 16(3): 104-8.

Kao EC. Influence of food-simulating solvents on resin composites and glass-ionomer restorative cement. Dent Mater. 1989; 5(3): 201-8.

Yap AU, Tan BW, Tay LC, Chang KM, Loy TK, Mok BY. Effect of mouthrinses on microhardness and wear of composite and compomer restoratives. Oper Dent. 2003; 28(6): 740-46.

Yap AUJ, Yap SH, Teo CK, Ng JJ. Finishing/polishing of composite and compomer restoratives: effectiveness of one-step systems. Oper Dent. 2004; 29(3): 275-9.

Barbosa SH, Zanata RL, Navarro MF, Nunes OB. Effect of different finishing and polishing techniques on the surface roughness of microfilled, hybrid and packable composite resins. Braz Dent J. 2005; 16(1): 39-44.

Ergucu Z, Turkun LS. Surface roughness of novel resin composites polished with one-step systems. Oper Dent. 2007; 32(2): 185-92.

Cavalcanti AN, Mitsui FH, Ambrosano GM, Mathias P, Marchi GM. Effect of different mouthrinses on Knoop hardness of a restorative composite. Am J Dent. 2005; 18(6): 338-40.

Gurdal P, Akdeniz BG, Hakan Sen B. The effects of mouthrinses on microhardness and colour stability of aesthetic restorative materials. J Oral Rehabil. 2002; 29(9): 895-901.

Blanchard CR. Atomic Force Microscopy. The Chemical Educator. 1996; (1): 1-8.

Wan Bakar W, McIntyre J. Susceptibility of selected tooth-coloured dental materials to damage by common erosive acids. Aust Dent J. 2008; 53(3): 226-34.

Sarret DC, Colletti DP, Peluso AR. The effects of alcoholic beverages on composite wear. Dent Mater. 2000; 16(1): 62-7.

Mckinney JE, Wu W. Relationship between subsurface damage and wear of dental restorative composites. J Dent Res. 1982; 61(9): 1083-8.

Yap AU , Tan SH, Wee SS , Lee CW, Lim EL, Zeng KY. Chemical degradation of composite restoratives. J Oral Rehabil. 2001; 28(11): 1015-21

Benetti AR, Peutzfeldt A, Asmussen E, Pallesen U, Franco EB. Influence of curing rate on softening in ethanol, degree of conversion, and wear of resin composite. Am J Dent. 2011; 24(2): 115-8.

Soderholm KJ. Degradation of glass filler in experimental composites. J Dent Res. 1981; 60(11): 1867-75.

Penugonda B, Settembrini L, Scherer W, Hitellmann E, Strassler H. Alcohol-containing mouthwashes: Effect on composite hardness. J Clin Dent. 1994; 5(2): 60-2.

Abo El Naga A, Yousef M. Evaluation of different restorative materials after exposure to chlorhexidine. J Am Sci 2012; 8(8): 628-31.

Almeida GS, Poskus LT, Guimarães JG, Da Silva EM. The effect of mouthrinses on salivary sorption, solubility and surface degradation of a nanofilled and a hybrid resin composite. Oper Dent. 2010; 35(1): 105-11.

Villalta P, Lu H, Okte Z, Garcia-Godoy F, Powers JM. Effects of staining and bleaching on color change of dental composite resins. J Prosthet Dent. 2006; 95(2): 137-42.

Gopfreich A. Mechanisms of polymer degradation and erosion. Biomaterials. 1996; 17: 103–14.

Smith DC. The cleansing of dentures. Dent Pract Dent Rec. 1966; 17(2): 39-43.

Parker S, Riggs PD, Braden M, Kalachandra S, Taylor DF. Water uptake of soft lining materials from osmotic solutions. J Dent. 1997; 25(3-4): 297-304.

Yap AUJ, Lim LY, Yang TY, Ali A, Chung SM. Influence of dietary solvents on strength of nanofill and ormocer composites. Oper Dent. 2005; 30(1): 129–33.

Davalloo R , Tavangar M , Darabi F , Pourhabibi Z , Alamouti NA. The surface hardness value of a light cured hybrid composite resin after 12 hours immersion in three alcohol-free mouthwashes. J Dentomaxillofacial Radiol, Pathol and Surg. 2013; 2(4): 1-6.

Lee SY, Huang HM, Lin CY, Shih YH. Leached components form dental composites in oral simulating fluids and the resultant composite strength. J Oral Rehabil. 1998; 25(8): 575-88.

Geurtsen W, Leyhausen G, Garcia-Godoy F. Effect of storage media on the fluoride release and surface microhardness of four polyacid-modified composite resins (compomers). Dent Mater. 1999; 15(3): 196-201.

Downloads

Published

2021-03-31

Issue

Section

Clinical or Laboratorial Research Manuscript