Periradicular lesions occur in non-vital teeth as the result of a chronic aggression by the presence of microorganisms into the root canal, which may appear as a radiolucent lesion in the radiographic exam; treatment varies according to surgical or nonsurgical methods. This case report describes the regression of a periradicular lesion using a nonsurgical endodontic treatment in association with intracanal calcium hydroxide-based medicament. After patient examination and radiographic analysis, a 13 mm (in maximum diameter) radiolucent lesion was observed in tooth number 12. The endodontic treatment was done and Calen-CMCP (S.S. White Artigos Dentários Ltda., Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil) was placed into the root canal, which was changed after every two weeks during two months. It was observed a progressive centrifugal regression of the lesion after every renewing of the medicament. In addition, after six-year follow-up the tooth was still free of re-infection and bone tissue was completely regenerated. In conclusion, calcium hydroxide therapy can conservatively stimulate the regression of large periradicular lesions.
From the beginning of the research on digital dental systems in the 1980s to their full integration in the today’s practice of Dentistry, many paths have been taken. The development of technologies culminating in..