Evaluation of the life quality in patients with Temporomandibular Disorders

Carolina Oliveira de Lima, Jean Soares Miranda, Paula Liparini Caetano, Natália Veloso Malta, Isabel Gonçalves Leite, Fabíola Pêssoa Pereira Leite

Abstract


AIMS: To evaluate influence of variables gender, diagnosis and severity of types of Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) on the quality of life of the individual. METHODS: The sample consisted of one hundred one individuals seeking TMD treatment at the Faculdade de Odontologia/ Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora. The TMD diagnosis was done through the RDC/TMD: Axis I (Research Diagnostic Criteria/Temporomandibular Disorder). The severity of TMD was established by the Temporomandibular Index (TMI) and the impact on quality of life by the OHIP-14 (Oral Health Impact Profile). The data was tabulated and analyzed by the Mann-Whitney test, T student test and Spearman correlation analysis (α=0,05). RESULTS: Most patients had diagnosis of muscular disorder, followed by diagnoses of arthralgia and disk displacement, respectively. All patients had a negative impact on at least one question from OHIP-14.CONCLUSIONS: Women presented worse quality of life when compared to men. The presence of muscular disorder was related to greater impact on quality of life (p<0,05). The relationship between severity of TMD and quality of life in the muscle sub-index of TMI was observed in all domains of OHIP-14 (p<0,05). In addition, there was positive correlation between TMI and the psychological incapacity.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14295/bds.2015.v18i3.1144