Effect of whitening dentifrices on surface roughness of dental nanofiller-based composites. Stereomycroscopy and AFM analysis
Objective: the aim of this study was to assess the effects of whitening dentifrices on the surface roughness of three commercial nanofiller-based composite. Material and Methods: two optical analyses were performed: stereomicroscopy and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Disks (8.0 diam. x 2.0 mm thick.) of the nanocomposite Z350 (3M ESPE) and two nano-hybrid composites (EsthetXHD, Dentsply and Premisa, Kerr) were submitted to in vitro brushing (1000 cycles) with three whitening dentifrices (Colgate Luminous White, Oral-B 3D White e Close-Up Diamond Attraction) and a control (Colgate Total12). The results were analyzed by stereomicroscopy and rated according to the following criteria: 0 – no observed roughness, 1 – average roughness, 2 – great roughness. Data was submitted to Kruskall-Wallis non-parametric test followed by Tukey test (p = 0.05). Z350 specimens were assessed by AFM. Results: the surface roughness of composites brushed with whitening dentifrices was statistically higher than the roughness found in specimens brushed with conventional dentifrice. AFM analyses showed that, at a submicrometric scale, there was an increase in the number of peaks and irregularities in specimens brushed with whitening dentifrices. Conclusion: Whitening dentifrices may have an impact on the longevity of dental composites by an increase in its roughness. It is strongly recommended that clinicians guide their patients, warning them about the risks and consequences of their use.
Abrasion; Dentifrices; Composites resin; Roughness; Whitening; Abrasive.