Animated Video for Increasing Primary School Teachers’ Knowledge Regarding First Aid Management of Dental Avulsion




Introduction: Dental avulsion is a condition in which the tooth is completely dislodged from its socket. Inappropriate management when trauma occurs can complicate the prognosis of the tooth. The majority of injuries to children's teeth occur in the school environment and teachers play an essential role in providing first aid at the accident site. However, the school teacher’s knowledge regarding first aid dental avulsion is inadequate. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of an animated video (First Aid Management of Dental Avulsion) on the knowledge of primary school teachers. Materials and methods: This clinical experimental study comprised 54 teachers from 13 public elementary schools in Central Jakarta who were chosen randomly to fill out a questionnaire before and after watching the animated video. Results: Data analysis using the Wilcoxon comparative test showed that there was a statistically significant increase (P<.05) in knowledge after watching the animated video. Conclusion: Thus, the animated video was effective in increasing the knowledge regarding first aid management of dental avulsion among the primary school teachers.


Keywords: audiovisual aid; first aid; school teachers; tooth avulsion


Dutra FT, Marinho AM, Godoi PF, Borges CM, Ferreira EF, Zarzar PM. Prevalence of Dental Trauma and Associated Factors Among 1- to 4-year-old Children. J Dent Child. 2010;77(3):146–51.

Rodrigues Campos Soares T, De Andrade Risso P, Cople Maia L. Traumatic dental injury in permanent teeth of young patients attended at the federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Dent Traumatol. 2014;30:312–6. doi:10.1111/edt.12087

Zhang Y, Zhu Y, Su W, Zhou Z, Jin Y, Wang X. A retrospective study of pediatric traumatic dental injuries in Xi ’ an , China. Dent Traumatol. 2014;30:211–5. doi:10.1111/edt.12075

Andreasen JO, Andreasen FM, Andersson L. Textbook and Color Atlas of Traumatic Injuries to the Teeth. 4th ed. Copenhagen: Blackwell Munksgaard; 2007.

McCafferty J, O’Connell AC. Treatment of the Avulsed Permanent Tooth. J Ir Dent Assoc. 2012;57(6):319–22.

Andersson L, Andreasen JO, Day P, Heithersay G, Trope M, DiAngelis AJ, et al. International Association of Dental Traumatology guidelines for the management of traumatic dental injuries: 2. Avulsion of permanent teeth. Dent Traumatol. 2012;28(2):88–96. doi:10.1111/j.1600-9657.2012.01125.x

Levin L, Zadik Y. Education on and prevention of dental trauma: It’s time to act! Dent Traumatol. 2012;28(1):49–54. doi:10.1111/j.1600-9657.2011.01060.x

Murali K, Shanmugam S, Rajasundharam P, Krishnan R, Kumar Vs. Knowledge, attitude, and perception of mothers towards emergency management of dental trauma in Salem district, Tamil Nadu: A questionnaire study. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2014;32(3):202–6. doi:10.4103/0970-4388.135825

Unal M, Oznurhan F, Kapdan A, Aksoy S, Dürer A. Traumatic dental injuries in children. Experience of a hospital in the central Anatolia region of Turkey. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2014;15(1):17–22.

Gravina D, Peruchi C, Rivera G, Santos, VRN C. Traumatic Dental Injury: A Case Report. J Trauma Treat. 2015;2(15):2–5. doi:10.4172/2167-1222.S2-015

Attarzadeh H, Kebriaei F, Sadri L, Foroughi E, Taghian M. Knowledge and Attitudes of Elementary Schoolteachers on Dental Trauma and its Management in Yazd, Iran. J Dent (Shiraz, Iran). 2017;18(3):212–8.

Niviethitha S, Bhawarlal C, Ramkumar H, Dhakshanamoorthy S, Shanmugam H. Effectiveness of an audio-visual aid on the knowledge of school teachers regarding the emergency management of dental injuries. Dent Traumatol. 2018;34(4):290–6. doi:10.1111/edt.12405

Andersson L. Epidemiology of traumatic dental injuries. J Endod. 2013;39:S2–5. doi:10.1016/j.joen.2012.11.021

Shamarao S, Tikare S, Ajagannanavar SL, Haridas R, Jain J, Kalappa AA. Knowledge and attitude regarding management of tooth avulsion injuries among school teachers in rural India. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2014;4:S44-48. doi:10.4103/2231-0762.144599

Lam R. Epidemiology and outcomes of traumatic dental injuries: A review of the literature. Aust Dent J. 2016;61(1):4–20. doi:10.1111/adj.12395

Ghadimi S, Seraj B, Keshavarz H, Shamshiri AR, Abiri R. The effect of using an educational poster on elementary school health teachers’ knowledge of emergency management of traumatic dental injuries. J Dent Tehran Univ Med Sci. 2014;11(6):620–8.

Siddiqui AA, Alhobeira HA, Altamimi YS, Al-amer NS. Dental Trauma : School Teachers’ Understanding of Handling the Situation. Int J Contemp Med Res. 2017;4(2):512–4.

Ashikuzzaman M. Importance of Audio Visual Materials in Teaching and Learning. Avms. 2013.

Bayrak S, Tunc E Sen, Sari E. Evaluation of elementary school teachers’ knowledge and attitudes about immediate emergency management of traumatic dental injuries. Oral Heal Prev Dent. 2012;10(3):253–8.

Catilo D, Faustorilla M, Jin A, Gardner SP. South Australian Primary and Secondary School Teachers’ Knowledge and Attitude Toward Dental Trauma Management : An Investigative Report Leading to The Development of Educational Strategies to Enhance Awareness. Aust New Zeal J Dent Oral Heal Ther. 2019;7(2):18–24.

Singh M, Yadav P, Ingle N, Kaur N. Evaluation of Knowledge and Attitude of School Teachers About Emergency Management of Traumatic Dental Injury. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2015;5(2):108. doi:10.4103/2231-0762.155735

Arikan V, Sönmez H. Knowledge level of primary school teachers regarding traumatic dental injuries and their emergency management before and after receiving an informative leaflet. Dent Traumatol. 2012;28(2):101–7. doi:10.1111/j.1600-9657.2011.01042.x

Shah N, Mathur V, Kathuria V, Gupta T. Effectiveness of an educational video in improving oral health knowledge in a hospital setting. Indian J Dent. 2016;7:70–5. doi:10.4103/0975-962X.184646

Erlinda D, Rizal MF. Repair of Class IV Ellis Fracture in The Permanent Central Incisor With a Crown Restoration and Fiberglass Post. J Int Dent Med Res. 2017;10(Specialissue):830–3.

Guo PJ, Kim J, Rubin R. How video production affects student engagement: An Empirical Study of MOOC Videos. Proc first ACM Conf Learn @ scale Conf - L@S ’14. 2014;41–50. doi:10.1145/2556325.2566239

Meppelink CS, Cm Van Weert J, Haven CJ, Smit EG. The effectiveness of health animations in audiences with different health literacy levels: An experimental study. J Med Internet Res. 2015;17(1):e11. doi:10.2196/jmir.3979






Clinical or Laboratorial Research Manuscript