Acting and knowledge of emergency rescue teams in dental trauma

Amjad Abu Hasna, Carlos Henrique Ferrari, Tatiane Sampaio Bittencourt, Carlos Henrique Ribeiro Camargo, Cláudio Antonio Talge Carvalho

Abstract


Dental trauma is common in patients assisted by rescue teams at sites of accidents and by emergency teams in hospitals. However, these professionals are given little or no information about taking care of the injured teeth and mouth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of knowledge of rescue and emergency teams’ professionals (physicians, Nurses, and Paramedics) concerning dental trauma first management. Material and methods: 196 professionals of rescue and emergency units had received a standard questionnaire of 5 questions concerning dental trauma first management and reserving avulsed dental tissue (tooth or its fragment). The results showed high level of attendance of dental trauma patients by paramedics, nurses, and physicians, with very low-level knowledge about dealing with such cases, and with moderate results about the best medium to reserve the avulsed tooth, and the actions taken during the rescue process. Conclusions: Our results show a high occurrence of cases of dental trauma attended by rescue and emergency medical teams, with a lack of knowledge. This suggests a need for more educational campaigns for these professionals with a long-term follow-up.

Keywords: Traumatic dental injury, Tooth Avulsion, Emergence rescue teams.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14295/bds.2019.v22i3.1717