Analysis of the association of parameters in the formation of ultrafine fibers from PEI and PMMA
Objective: The aim of the study was to fabricate and morphologically characterize ultrafine Polyetherimide fibers (PEI) associated with Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) – PP (group formed by the association of PEI with PMMA), produced by the electrospinning process. Material and Methods: A solution of PEI (0.562 g) + PMMA (0.377 g) dissolved in 2.5 mL of chloroform, 0.85 mL of Dimethylformamide (DMF) and 0.85 mL of 18.104.22.168 Tetrachloroethane (TCE) was prepared. For the electrospinning process, different continuous voltages (10 to 18 kV) and two different distances (8 and 12 cm) between the needle tip and the collecting apparatus were used, giving rise to 6 distinct groups of ultrafine fibers (PP 1 to 6) that were observed in Scanning Electron Microscopy to check for defects and calculate the average diameter of the fibers. Results: The best parameter, the parameter that was most effective for the production of fibers, observed was subjected to Energy Dispersion X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Contact Angle Analysis tests. The data were analyzed using the ANOVA and Tukey test (p <0.05). From the comparative analysis of the pre-established parameters, the pattern of PP4 ultrafine fibers was shown to be more effective. Conclusion: The PP4 standard (13 kV – 12 cm) had an average diameter of 0.37 µm. An adequate parameter to electrospinning was able to produce ultrafine fibers of PMMA/PEI.
Polymethylmethacrylate; Scanning electron microscopy; Polyetherimide; Electrospinning process.
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