Nine-year clinical evaluation of composite resins in Class III restorations

Fátima Cristina Sá, Ticiane Cestari Fagundes, Wagner Baseggio, Eduardo Bresciani, Terezinha Jesus Esteves Barata, Eduardo Batista Franco


Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the nine-year clinical performance of Class III composite restorations using two microhybrid anterior composite resins [Magic™-Vigodent/(F) and Z100™-3M ESPE/(Z)]. Material and Methods: The study was a randomized controlled trial, following the split mouth design. Seventy restorations were placed, thirty-five for each resin composite into 35 patients. The restorations were placed by one operator according to the manufacturers’ specifications. Two independent evaluators conducted the clinical evaluation using modified USPHS criteria. After nine-years, 56 restorations (28F-28Z) were evaluated. Data were analyzed using Chi-square, Exact Fisher and McNemar tests (p<0.05). Results: No postoperative sensitivity, secondary caries and loss of anatomic form was observed after nine-years for both composites. There were no significant differences between the two composites tested at baseline and after nine-years. Significant differences for Z and F restorations between baseline and nine-year with respect to color matching and for F regarding the marginal integrity were detected. Conclusion: The clinical performance of both materials was considered acceptable after the 9-year evaluation.

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